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Fantasy literature satisfies the definition of the fantasy genre with its magic, gods, heroes, adventures and monsters. The genre, as a distinct type, began to become visible in the Victorian times, in the works of writers such as William Morris, Lord Dunsany and George Macdonald. Some commentators assert that the South African-born, English professor of philology, J. R. R. Tolkien, was seminal to the mass-popularization of the fantasy genre, with his hugely successful publications – The Hobbit, and The Lord of the Rings. Tolkien himself, though, was largely informed by an ancient body of Anglo-Saxon myths — particularly Beowulf — but it was after his work that the genre began to receive the moniker, "fantasy." J. R. R. Tolkien's close friend C.S. Lewis, author of the The Chronicles of Narnia, also an English professor interested in similar themes, was also associated with popularizing the commercial success of the fantasy genre. Preeminent authors in the genre who undertook popular fantasy works after Tolkien's The Lord of The Rings phenomenon of the 1950s and 1960s are listed below. The names listed are presented in chronological order, from the earliest published to the latest, along with their most significant works. - fantasy literature, fantasy literature -

Piers Anthony : The Xanth series
Ursula K. Le Guin : The Earthsea series
Terry Brooks : The Shannara series
David Eddings : The Belgariad and The Malloreon
Raymond E. Feist : The Riftwar saga
Terry Pratchett : The Discworld series
Guy Gavriel Kay : The Fionavar Tapestry trilogy
Robert Jordan : The Wheel of Time series
Terry Goodkind : The Sword of Truth series
Robin Hobb : The Farseer, Liveship Traders and Soldier's Son trilogies
George R.R. Martin : A Song of Ice and Fire series
Philip Pullman : His Dark Materials trilogy
J. K. Rowling: The Harry Potter series
Dave Duncan: The King's Blades series

Fantasy films are films with fantastic themes, usually involving magic, supernatural events, make-believe creatures, or exotic fantasy worlds. Fantasy films have a history almost as old as the medium itself. However, fantasy films were relatively few and far between until the 1980s, when high-tech filmmaking techniques and increased audience interest caused the genre to flourish. The boundaries of the fantasy literary genre are not well-defined, and the same is therefore true for the film genre as well. Categorizing a movie as fantasy may thus require an examination of the themes, narrative approach and other structural elements of the film. For example, much about the Star Wars saga suggests fantasy, yet it has the feel of science fiction, whereas much about Time Bandits (1981) suggests science fiction, yet it has the feel of fantasy. Some film critics borrow the literary term Science Fantasy to describe such hybrids of the two genres. - fantasy movies-